The Long Plain First Nation (LPFN) reserve is called Ga-Ke-Nush-Koo-De-Ag amongst the Ojibway Tribes of southern Manitoba. The word Ga-Ke-Nush-Koo-De-Ag in the Ojibway languagemeans "long plain" and refers to the geography of the lands. The lands are situated above and along the west bank of the Assiniboine River.

Our Ojibway ancestors favoured the long natural open plains of the area. Oral history past down from our ancestors to elders tells the importance of the plains. Our people preferred this area for many reasons: camping and staging area, organic farming, strategic hunting area for wildlife and bison, and a natural lookout point.


"The Long Plain First Nation Lands Department has been given the responsibility to develop a land use plan for our lands and properties. In planning for the future developments we must always keeping in mind that the Long Plain Anishinabeg have a special relationship with the lands, to use the lands for necessity and well-being and to develop our lands for present and future generations."


"With the advice, knowledge and experience of our Community Leaders, Community Members, Elders and Youth, the Advisory and Working Groups, the Lands Department will prepare a Land Use Plan for the First Nation community and urban properties that will reflect our aspirations, traditions, culture, values and customs."


"The Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) means to the First Nation is researching our culture and historical past, gathering information on our demographics, taking inventory of our natural resources, infrastructure and current developments and using the Geographic Information System technology to develop a land use plan. The CLUP shall also provide the First Nation with an economic development plan for the main and urban reserves.


The Long Plain First Nation Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) was prepared by the Long Plain Lands Department. The Lands Department organized two groups to work on the land use plan; the Working Group and Advisory Group. These groups gathered and provided the information and knowledge required for the land use plan.

In January 2015, the Long Plain First Nation (LPFN) Lands Department submitted a proposal to Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada for land use plan funding for the Phase I of the planning process. This phase was completed in a two month period and focused on developing a land use planning process for the working and advisory. The planning process set out the purpose of the plan, capacity building in land use planning, establishing vision and mission statements, setting goals and establishing guiding principles.


The main reserve is called Long Plain Reserve No. 6. It is located 14 km southwest of Portage La Prairie, Manitoba and 98 kilometers west of Winnipeg and 10 kilometers south off of Highway No. 1 and 16, and on Highway No. 305. The southeast boundary of the reserve runs along the west bank of the Assiniboine River and extends north and west from the river.

In 1980, the LPFN Council successfully negotiated 45 acres of available federal surplus land from Canada as part of Bands Treaty Land Entitlement claim. The property became reserve in August 1981. The surplus lands are located adjacent to the City of Portage la Prairie. The site was home to the Portage Indian Residential School for over hundred years and in 1982 the former residential school building was transformed into the Yellow quill College Inc. The college provided training and education to surrounding First Nations for over 10 years. The property is now called "Keeshkeemaquah Reserve", named after the last LPFN hereditary Chief.


The purpose of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) is to ensure the First Nation lands are used in a sustainable way. We need to plan for the future by protecting and preserving the natural areas at the same time improving and maximizing the production of agricultural lands, designating areas for community development by zoning. The plan will also ensure the best practical choices for the use of land are made.

3.1 Comprehensive Land Use Plan Phase I – 2015

The first phase of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) Project was to develop a planning process for the First Nation planning groups to be used as a guide. The LPFN Lands Department coordinated gatherings and meetings with the program managers to build capacity in land use planning. The CLUP Working Group comprised of the Land Manager, Land Use Coordinator, Land Use Facilitator and Lands Portfolio Councilor. Responsibility of the Working Group was to organize and coordinate gatherings with the planning groups in developing a land use plan framework and process for Phase II.


The main planning area is described as the Long Plain First Nation Reserve No. 6, located in south central Manitoba. Long Plain First Nation Reserve is mostly located and described as all those Townships 9 and 10, Range 8, west of the Prime Meridian containing seventeen square miles be the same more or less.

4.1 Long Plain Reserve No.6 (main)

The said reserve was set apart under the provisions of Treaty One and in 1876 for Chief Short Bear's Band and was located by J.L. Reid, D.L.S. The Reserve is described as being composed of Sections 32 and 33 and all those parts of Sections 34 and 35 on the left side of the Assiniboine River, in the said Township 9, and Sections 5, 8, 9, 16, 17, 20, 21, 27, 28, and 29 and all those parts of Sections 2, 3, 4, 10, 11, 14, 15, 22, 23, 25, and 26 along the western bank of the Assiniboine River said Township 10.


Based on our First Nation philosophy, religion, history, traditions, culture, experiences, the following principles shall be used in the planning process:

  • - Our people believed our ancestors were placed on the earth; and universe, the sky and lands were made by the creator;
  • - That every natural object and living being has spirit, meaning, and purpose;
  • - That the natural world be respected and preserved for future generations;
  • - That we shall always give thanks to our creator for the use of lands;
  • - That we keep in mind our ancestors have occupied and lived on the lands what is now called Manitoba;
  • - That the lands acquired and occupied by our ancestors were considered to be our homelands;
  • - That we respect our traditions and ceremonies areas in the future planning process;
  • - That we respect and consider the natural state of the land and wildlife;
  • - That we designate land for potential economic and community developments areas;
  • - That we building awareness and capacity development with the Tribal Administration and community members;
  • - That we can manage our lands and property in a sustainable way;
  • - That we assess and analyze the socio-economic needs and requirements of community to ensure appropriate plans are made for future development; and,
  • - That we adopt modern planning strategies, technologies and concepts such as GIS and GPS mapping and zoning) for the land use plan.


The Long Plain First Nation (LPFN) Government recognizes that land use policies are required to regulate future land use and new development. They also recognize that there are legal, environmental, physical and spiritual aspects of the land need to be respected and considered. Future use of lands for residential, economic, education, recreation, health or infrastructure must follow the traditional protocol for the use of land.

6.1 Residential Development

the First Nation Government (FN) recognizes that adequate, safe and efficient housing is necessary for all members residing on First Nation lands. Lands shall be designated for future housing development sites. The FN Government shall designate future residential development areas with specific subzones, subdivision, lots, numbers, types and sizes;


Zoning is a practice of designating areas which regulate the use of land, building and purposes. Zones of designated areas are intended to identify sufficient lands for various types of development. Zoning shall be used LPFN reserve lands.

Under the Indian Act - Section 81 (1) (Council may make By-laws):

"The council of a band may make by-laws not inconsistent with this Act or with any regulation made by the Governor in Council or the Minister, for any or all of the following purposes, namely, subsection:

(g) the dividing of the reserve or a portion thereof into zones and the prohibition of the construction or maintenance of any class of buildings or the carrying on of any class of business, trade or calling in any zone.

7.1 Zoning Plan/Designation

The CLUP Planning Team shall identify areas of current land use and produce zoning maps by:


(Not completed)


The First Nation Government recognizes that education for our membership is the basis of future development of the community. Present educational facilities will be officially zoned for educational purposes. Future expansion of education services and infrastructure shall be planned and zoned for educational development and services;

10.1 Long Plain School

Long Plain School was built in 1988 on the Southwest Quarter of Section 22 Township 10 Range 8 WPM along the Yellow quill Trail East Road. According to the Canada Land Survey Records (CLSR), the school area was surveyed in 1999 and lies in Lot 2 which is 8.42 hectares or 20.81 acres of land. The school building is 2,200 square meters or 6,661.8 square feet in size.